What can we use?

You now need to create a list of possible ingredients for your group to try when you make your colour dye.
Try and find out if it is toxic or not, is found locally and has the colour you desire.

What is a Mordant? What does it do? Can you find an example of one? How do you make the colour more intense? (darker) less intense?

__http://www.pioneerthinking.com/crafts/crafts-basics/naturaldyes.html__

Plant
Color
Onion skins
Yellow
Goldenrod flowers
Yellow
Carrots
Yellow
Red onions
Pink
Raspberries
Pink
Beets
Rose
Coffee
Brown
Nut hulls (not shells)
Brown
Grass
Green
Spinach
Green


__http://www.prairiefibers.com/Plant%20Color%20List.htm__


__http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJfEHFYYCKo&feature=related__


__http://www.pioneerthinking.com/crafts/crafts-basics/naturaldyes.html__


Natural Dyes for Kids

Before there were chemical dyes, people had to make natural dyes from plant materials. Try your hand at dyeing a shirt or bandanna with this natural dyes for kids nature craft.

What You'll Need:

• Wool or cotton material to dye

• Laundry detergent

• A variety of colorful plant material (see suggestions below)

• Knife

• Glass bowl

• Water

• Old saucepans

• Sieve

• Alum (available in the spice rack at grocery stores)

• Dye

You'll need an adult to help you with the cutting and boiling in this project.

Step 1: Wash cotton or wool material in plain detergent with no fabric softener.

Step 2: Cut up your plant materials. Chop up or crush hard materials such as roots. Soak them overnight in a glass or enamel bowl with just enough water to cover them.

Step 3: Pour the contents of the bowl into a stainless steel pan. Bring to a boil on the stove and simmer gently for about one hour. Check it frequently and add water when needed.

Step 4: Strain the dye through a sieve to remove plant material. Allow the liquid to cool.

Step 5: Measure the liquid. For every quart of dye, add one half ounce of alum (about one tablespoon). Alum is a mordant. That means it helps set the dye.

Step 6: Wet your fabric and wring it out, then put it in the steel pan with your dye. Put the pan on the stove and simmer slowly until the fabric is just a little darker than you want it. (The fabric will look lighter when it dries.) Remember that natural colors will be soft, not bright.

Step 7: Move the pan to the sink and pour everything through a strainer. Run a little cold water over your fabric to cool and rinse it, wring it out, and hang it up to dry outdoors where the drips won't hurt anything.